Indigenous Peoples

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Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada (AANDC)
A good source for legislation, information on self-governance, statistics, treaty and claim information, and links to other resources. In order to locate historical treaty information, go to the Publications & Research Section, then click on Publications, then click on the letter "T" and page down until you reach the section on Treaties.

Aboriginal Business Directory
Industry Canada's Aboriginal Business Directory of businesses registered under the Procurement Strategy for Aboriginal Business.

Aboriginal Disaster Resilience Planning Guide (ADRP)
Justice Institute of British Columbia (JIBC) and Wilfrid Laurier University (Laurier) have launched a groundbreaking online resource created to help Aboriginal communities across Canada anticipate and minimize the damage caused by disasters. It includes a user-friendly, four-step guide to develop and implement a disaster resilience plan.

Aboriginal Healing Foundation
The Aboriginal Healing Foundation's mission was to encourage and support Aboriginal people in building and reinforcing sustainable healing processes that address the legacy of Physical Abuse and Sexual Abuse in the Residential School system, including intergenerational impacts. The AHF operated from 1998-2014 and the current website is an archive of its many resources. Online publications are available on this site pertaining to Residential Schools and Research.

Aboriginal Heritage
Aboriginal documentary heritage found in the holdings of Library and Archives Canada (LAC) reflects the exemplary contributions of Aboriginal peoples to this country’s political, social, economic and cultural development. First Nations, Métis and Inuit continue to participate in defining Canada as a nation. This site includes many excellent genealogy and research tools.

Aboriginal Mapping Network
The Aboriginal Mapping Network (AMN) was established in 1998 as a joint initiative of the Gitxsan and Ahousaht First Nations and Ecotrust Canada. Over the years the network has grown from its humble beginnings as a knowledge sharing forum for local First Nations technicians, leaders and decision makers to become a valuable strategic resource for practitioners of traditional knowledge mapping around the world. The AMN now has a mandate to support aboriginal and indigenous peoples facing similar issues, such as land claims, treaty negotiations and resource development, with common tools, such as traditional use studies, GIS mapping and other information systems.

Aboriginal Multi-Media Society - AMMSA
The Aboriginal Multi-Media Society is an independent Aboriginal communications organization committed to facilitating the exchange of information reflecting Aboriginal culture to a growing and diverse audience. AMMSA is dedicated to providing objective, mature and balanced coverage of news, information and entertainment relevant to Aboriginal issues and peoples while maintaining profound respect for the values, principles and traditions of Aboriginal people.

Aboriginal Peoples - Guide to the Records of the Government of Canada
Descriptions, finding aids and an archives search engine for original records pertaining to Aboriginal Peoples in Library and Archives Canada.

Assembly of First Nations
The AFN presents the views of various First Nations through their leaders in areas such as Aboriginal and Treaty Rights, Environment, Economic Development, Education, Housing, Health, Social Services, Land Claims, and other issues.

British Columbia Association of Aboriginal Friendship Centres (BCAAFC)
BCAAFC is the umbrella association for Friendship Centres throughout BC, they provide services to Aboriginal communities located in Urban settings. The BC Friendship Centres link locates the Centres on a map of BC and links to their addresses, phone and fax numbers. Site also provides links to Program Information, Native Arts & Crafts Marketplace, and other Aboriginal Links.

Centre for Indigenous Environmental Resources
CIER is a national, First Nation-directed environmental non-profit organisation with charitable status and is based in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. CIER was founded in 1994 by a small group of First Nation leaders from across Canada who recognised the need for Aboriginal peoples to have the capacity to solve environmental problems affecting their lands and resources.

Center For World Indigenous Studies (CWIS)
The Center for World Indigenous Studies (CWIS) is an independent, non-profit research and education organization dedicated to wider understanding and appreciation of the ideas and knowledge of indigenous peoples and the social, economic and political realities of indigenous nations.

Community Justice
Information about Community Justice programs and initiatives developed in conjunction with Yukon First Nations, Yukon communities and the Department of Justice, Yukon Government. A link is also provided to the Community Justice Review, a document that covers various topics including elder panels, healing and First Nations/Aboriginal justice.

First Citizens Fund
The First Citizens Fund is a perpetual fund, created in 1969 to enhance culture, education and economic development opportunities for Aboriginal people in British Columbia. This fund, now under the responsibility of the Ministry of Aboriginal Relations and Reconciliation, assists Aboriginal people to strengthen their economies and restore and maintain their languages and cultures.

First Nation Information Project
This project was established to provide a mechanism for sharing knowledge, interests, and effective practices connecting the Aboriginal community with each other and for sharing the aboriginal experience with those who desire this experience. This site provides a list of First Nation Tribal Councils and Affiliated Bands by Province as well as a First Nations Directory.

Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami
Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami (ITK) is the national Inuit organization in Canada, representing four Inuit regions – Nunatsiavut (Labrador), Nunavik (northern Quebec), Nunavut, and the Inuvialuit Settlement Region in the Northwest Territories.
Information on the history of the Inuit, links to regional organizations, and access to various publications and documents, including the Inuktitut Magazine.

iPortal: Indigenous Studies Portal Researh Tool (University of Saskatchewan)
The Indigenous Studies Portal (iPortal) is a database of full-text electronic resources such as books, articles, theses and documents as well as digitized materials such as photographs, archival resources, maps, etc. focusing primarily on First Nations and Aboriginals of Canada with a secondary focus on North American materials and beyond.

Hosts 7,800+ indigenous community videos in 70 languages.

National Aboriginal Circle Against Family Violence (NACAFV)
NACAFV's mandate is to reduce family violence in Aboriginal communities. The site includes a comprehensive collection of NACFV publications and a shelter listing.

Resources for Indigenous Cultures around the World

Pauktuutit - Inuit Women of Canada
Association's mandate is to foster a greater awareness of the needs of Inuit women, and to encourage their participation in community, regional and national concerns in relation to social, cultural and economic development. Includes a link to many online publications.

Tribal Law and Policy Institute - Tribal Court Clearinghouse
The Tribal Court Clearinghouse is devoted to providing information to people working in Native American tribal courts and is designed as a resource for tribal justice systems and others involved in the enhancement of justice. Visit the "Topics" section, that provides access to full-text articles in a number of subject areas of interest such as: Alcohol and Substance Abuse, Domestic Violence, Elder Abuse and Victims of Crime.

Turtle Island Native Network
The Turtle Island Native Network Web site contains information on national and regional Aboriginal peoples & communities, contemporary and traditional cultural topics, front page news, education information, healing and wellness topics and a wide range of resources and businesses. This Web page is current and is updated daily.

Union of BC Indian Chiefs
The UBCIC supports "the work of our people, whether at the community, nation or international level, in our common fight for the recognition of our aboriginal rights and respect for our cultures and societies." This site compiles numerous resources such as publications, conference proceedings, and information about issues and campaigns. Another feature of this site is the open access digital collection featuring narratives, maps and photos, and testimonies. Check out their resources section which includes Two World Views in Law and Our Homes are Bleeding.


Aboriginal Corrections
Mandated to create partnerships and strategies that enhance the safe and timely reintegration of Aboriginal offenders into the community.


BC Stats - Census Statistical Profiles of Aboriginal Peoples
Links to the 2006, 2001, 1996 Statistical Profiles by area and groups such as First Nations, Métis, and Status Indians with emphasis on post-secondary education issues as well as children and the labour market.

Banff Centre - Indigenous Leadership and Management 
The Centre's programs provide knowledge, skills and tools for Aboriginal leaders to build good governance structures, effective institutions and systems in their communities, organizations, and businesses. These programs deliver innovative learning experiences that inspire possibility and vision, yet are attuned to traditional ways and knowledge.

First Nations Education Steering Committee
FNESC works as a collective organization to facilitate First Nations support for one another in the area of education, and to communicate with both the federal and provincial governments to ensure that First Nations concerns are being addressed. Site includes links to communications about current issues, publications and workshops.

Government of British Columbia, Ministry of Education - Aboriginal Education
This site contains useful information for everyone interested or involved in Aboriginal education. Topics covered include Performance Data (how aboriginal children are doing better in school) and new and exciting initiatives being undertaken in the province relating to Aboriginal education.

Indigenous Adult and Higher Learning Association (IAHLA)
This website contains a wealth of information for both students and educators seeking to learn more about indigenous adult higher learning institutions in BC.

Longhouse - UBC
Provides services, resources and counseling for UBC First Nations students. Site also links to the First Nations House of Learning and the Xwi7xwa Library, the First Nations Library.

Native Education College
BC’s largest private Aboriginal College that offers Adult Basic Education as well as a host of programs in the healthcare, community, business and cultural spheres.

UBC Vancouver Aboriginal Portal
Your resource for information relating to Aboriginal programs, initiatives, research and services that are available on the UBC Vancouver campus.  You will also find information about general services that  include a directory of Academic Advisors on campus, information about Housing, Childcare, Recreation and Counselling, and much more

University of Victoria - Indigenous Governance Program
The Indigenous Governance Program (IGOV) offers educational programming that provides students with a strong background in the values, perspectives, concepts, and principles of Indigenous political cultures. The program aspires to educate students who are grounded in a diverse body of knowledge to assume leadership and policy-making roles, or to continue their academic careers in a variety of fields including social science, history, law, or Native Studies.


American Indian Health
Sponsored by the United States National Library of Medicine, this site is designed to bring together health and medical resources pertinent to the American Indian population including policies, consumer health information, and research.

Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse - First Nations, Inuit and Métis People
The Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse has a legislated mandate to provide national leadership and evidence-informed analysis and advice to mobilize collaborative efforts to reduce alcohol-related and other drug-related harms.

Health Canada - First Nations and Inuit Health 
Supports community-based health promotion and disease prevention programs, primary, home and community care services, programs to control communicable diseases and address environmental health issues, and non-insured health benefits to supplement those provided by provinces, territories and private insurer

IAHP - Institute of Aboriginal Peoples' Health 
The Canadian Institutes of Health Research's Institute of Aboriginal Peoples' Health supports research to address the special health needs of Canada's Aboriginal people.

National Aboriginal Diabetes Association - NADA
NADA is a member of the Diabetes Council of Canada. NADA's mission is to be the driving force in addressing diabetes and Aboriginal peoples as a priority health issue by working together with people, Aboriginal communities and organizations in a culturally respectful manner in promoting healthy lifestyles among Aboriginal people today and for future generations. Provides information and resources about diabetes, signs & symptoms, prevention and healthy living.

National Aboriginal Health Organization (NAHO)
The National Aboriginal Health Organization, an Aboriginal designed and controlled body, will influence and advance the health and well-being of Aboriginal Peoples through carrying out knowledge-based strategies. This site provides information on research, career opportunities and conferences regarding Aboriginal health. Also links to articles and discussion papers on Aboriginal health issues.

Native Health Databases
The Native Health Databases contain bibliographic information and abstracts of health-related articles, reports, surveys, and other resource documents pertaining to the health and health care of American Indians, Alaska Natives, and Canadian First Nations. The databases provide information for the benefit, use, and education of organizations and individuals with an interest in health-related issues, programs, and initiatives regarding North American indigenous peoples.

Nechi Training, Research & Health Promotions Institute
An Aboriginal educational, research and health promotions centre, all rooted in spirit, the spirit of healing.

Network Environments for Aboriginal Research BC (NEARBC)
An Aboriginal Research Network to improve and enhance the health and well-being of Aboriginal Peoples. Includes a comprehensive E-Library.

Tribal Connections
Developed by the Regional Medical Library (RML) at the University of Washington, Tribal Connections serves as a portal to health and information resources on the Internet for American Indian and Alaska native communities. Specially funded by the National Library of Medicine and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, to provide these communities with Internet connectivity, this portal provides remote communities with access to public health information and remote social and health resources. NOTE: The Tribal Connections website is no longer being updated.

Residential Schools

Indian Residential Schools - AANDC
Links to advocacy and public information, Independent Assessment Process application forms, settlement information, the 2008 Statement of Apology and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.

Native Residential Schools in Canada: A Selective Bibliography 
A listing of materials pertaining to Native Residential Schools in Canada available at the National Library of Canada. The page has been archived but will not be altered and remains a strong resource collection.

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada - Residential Schools
The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada has a mandate to learn and share the truth about the Residential School experience to foster healing and reconciliation.


2006 Aboriginal Population Profiles
These profiles present community-level information from the 2006 Census of Population. Users can search for an area of interest by typing its 'place name' in the box below or by clicking on a province or territory from the list below and selecting the area from a list.

Aboriginal Correctional Statistics - Facts and Figures
A breakdown of Aboriginal Corrections figures. Note, these statistics are somewhat dated.

Aboriginal Peoples in Canada - 2006 Census Analysis Series 
Findings of the 2006 Census, subdivided into Inuit, Métis and First National people. Includes links to Census definitions and notes and data tables.

Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS)
The purpose of the Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS) is to provide data on the social and economic conditions of Aboriginal people in Canada. More specifically, its purpose is to identify the needs of Aboriginal people and focus on issues such as education, employment, health, language, income, housing and mobility. The results of the survey are released every 5 years; the most recent is from 2013.

Indian Affairs Annual Reports 1864-1990
Through a cooperative effort between the former National Library of Canada and the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, the full text of these annual reports is now available on the Web. Users will find the reports a rich resource for historical research.

Juristat - Aboriginal peoples
Analytical justice-related reports pertaining to Aboriginal peoples.

Statistics Canada - Aboriginal Peoples
The Aboriginal peoples of Canada, as defined by the Constitution Act, 1982, comprise the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. These distinct groups have unique heritages, languages, cultures. Statistical information is available for the total Aboriginal population and each of the three groups.

Treaty Negotiations

British Columbia - Business - First Nations Negotiations
Information from the provincial government regarding negotiations and treaties with subjects that include the First Nations Treaty Process and an A-Z of First Nations Negotiations including current and completed agreements.

BC Treaty Commission
The Treaty Commission is the independent and neutral body responsible for facilitating treaty negotiations among the governments of Canada, BC and First Nations in BC.

Online Journals

Aboriginal Marketplace
An online journal, published every two months, that  reports on existing Aboriginal/private sector business ventures offering up new and innovative opportunities for those who wish to do business together.

International Journal of Indigenous Health
The International Journal of Indigenous Health is published bi-annually by the Aboriginal Health Research Networks Secretariat (AHRNetS) at the University of Victoria.This peer-reviewed, online, open-access Journal was established to advance knowledge and understanding to improve Indigenous health.

Video Resources

Aboriginal Video Resources (for streaming or download)
Compiled by Wilfrid Laurier University, Faculty of Education.

See also our Library's licensed streaming media collections CBC Curio and National Film Board (Campus)

Last updated January 12, 2019