This course addresses various reactions that may arise following a traumatic event and a range of possible strategies and responses that may be offered during an intervention. Learners will identify when an individual is showing signs of post-traumatic stress, how they can respond and possible referrals for treatment when necessary. Content includes differentiating between post-traumatic stress and post traumatic stress disorder and an exploration of the environmental and personal factors that may increase an individual's resilience in the face of critical incidents. Time will also be given to the potential relationships between critical incident stress, addictions, and suicidality. Different perspectives on trauma responses and resilience, including Indigenous perspectives, will be explored. Learners will also develop strategies for enhancing their own self-care and support when responding to post-critical incident stress.